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The African violet is one of the best-selling houseplants in the world.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Saintpaulia ionantha
Family : Gesneriaceae
Type : Houseplant
Height : 20 to 30 cm indoors
Exposure : Slightly sifted
Foliage : Persistent -Flowering : All year
Its flowering can last a large part of the year, or even a whole year!
African violet plantation
The African violet is a plant that likes to feel cramped in its pot and therefore does not need to be repotted immediately.
Then, every 2 to 3 years and preferably in the spring, repot your violet in a pot slightly larger in diameter.
Repotting the African violet:
- The temperature must be less than 16 ° to optimize the quality of the recovery.
- The roots of the African violet fear excess water. Make sure the new pot is well drilled at the bottom.
Improve drainage by placing at the bottom of the pot a bed of gravel or clay balls to facilitate the flow of water.
- A good soil is necessary.
The plant, when it lives indoors, needs soil because only it will provide it with the nutrients it needs.
- Low but constant humidity is necessary without wetting the foliage.
You have to put the pot on a bed of constantly wet gravel, pebbles or clay balls.
Multiplication is possible in spring by cuttings.
Where to install the African violet
The best place to set up your African violet is in a location where there is no direct sunlight on the plant.
- She dreads the sun's rays when they land directly on the African violet
It therefore needs good light but without direct sunlight
- Absolutely avoid the proximity of a heat source such as a radiator as this tropical plant needs humidity.
The African violet needs a temperature between 18 and 24 °, but which should never drop below 13 °. The ideal is to have 4 to 5 ° less at night.
You can install it next to a gloxinia because they are part of the same family, the growing conditions are the same.
Watering and fertilizer
Regular but moderate watering is necessary. The African violet requires little water.
In spring and summer:
Hold the slightly moist potting soil and make sure that the water flow is correct.
Bring someliquid fertilizer for flowering plants every month or so to prolong flowering as much as possible.
- Water from above and ideally with water at room temperature
- Never wet the leaves and flowers of your African violet
In order to maintain a certain humidity, it is best to place the pot on a bed of clay balls with water at the bottom.
In autumn and winter:
Reduce watering so as to wait for the soil is dry on the surface between 2 waterings.
Stop adding fertilizer.
African violet diseases
The most common diseases of houseplants, red spider mites, cochineal, the aphids but also thepowdery mildew
- If the leaves are fading, it's probably a lack of fertilizer.
- Smaller and smaller leaves indicate the need to repot African violet
To know about the African violet
The African violet or Cape violet was discovered in 1892 by Baron Walter Von Saint-Paul in the mountains of Tanzania.
It was given this name for its resemblance to the violet viola but that's the only thing she shares with this flower.
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